The Domino Effects of Climate Change Threaten to Topple Penguin Populations
by Kelsey McGuire, age 12
When people think of climate change, they may picture polar bears not having enough ice to stand on and drowning. But recently, only two chicks out of a population of 40,000 Adelie penguins survived, officially placing this species on the endangered species list. The reasons for why this happened are more complicated then rising sea levels.
Since the late 1970’s, climate change has affected the environment. Although some people still think that climate change is natural, most scientists agree that there is a human component to it. For example, when people use cars that run on fossil fuel like oil, this emits carbon dioxide, which causes heat to be trapped in the Earth’s atmosphere. This then spurs ice to melt and water levels to rise. Rising ocean levels causes problems all over the world with flooding. Climate change also results in more storms and hurricanes. These factors affect the habitat of animals all over the antarctic. [Read More]
Will Computers Someday Replace Artists and Musicians?
by Eva Stouffer, age 13
Many people worry that artificial intelligence, abbreviated AI, will one day replace humans, even in creative areas such as composing music. In a step in that direction, YouTuber Taryn Southern has created a song with the help of AI software.
Southern’s inspiration came from an article about Sony programmers who tried to compose a new Beatles song using AI. In January 2017, Southern began downloading programs that claimed to write songs from scratch. [Read More]
What Color Is Lightning?
by Moises A Hernandez, age 13, Glendale Free Press
Lightning is a beautiful but dangerous phenomenon. Many think it is white, but is it really?
Lightning is a giant electric discharge. Strong winds cause ice crystals and liquid water drops to rub against each other. Electrons strip off when this happens, thus the ice crystals and the water particles become either positively or negatively charged. Then, the negative charges usually sit at the bottom of a cloud, while the positive charges are at the cloud’s top. These charges form an electric field. When the difference in charge becomes too great, a lightning bolt forms. [Read More]
The 2017 Solar Eclipse Overshadowed Another Phenomena: Merging Neutron Stars
by Eva Stouffer, age 13
This past summer, there was a lot of excitement about the solar eclipse. What many may not know, is that another rare astronomical event happened around the same time. Two interferometers, instruments that measure interference phenomena between waves, detected merging neutron stars on August 17, 2017.
When normal stars die they leave behind and Earth-sized remnant called a white dwarf. However, when large stars—those with a mass of ten to 20 times that of the Sun—die, they shrink down to the size of a city but maintain a large mass (about two times that of the sun). The pressure of gravity forces electrons into the nuclei of their atoms, where they merge with protons to form neutrons. This is how “neutron stars” get their name. These remnants rotate very quickly, spinning hundreds of times per second. In comparison, the original stars may have only spun once per month. [Read More]
More Recent Science Articles
The ice giant, better known as Neptune, was the first planet located through mathematical predictions rather than from observing the sky. [read more...]
Do you know how a solar eclipse forms? It happens when the moon gets between the sun and the Earth. [read more...]
When people think of climate change, they may picture polar bears not having enough ice to stand on and drowning. But recently, only two chicks out of a population of 40,000 Adelie penguins survived, officially placing this species on the endangered species list. The reasons for why this happened are more complicated then rising sea levels. [read more...]
This past summer, there was a lot of excitement about the solar eclipse. What many may not know, is that another rare astronomical event happened around the same time. Two interferometers
, instruments that measure interference phenomena between waves, detected merging neutron stars on August 17, 2017. [read more...]
Lightning is a beautiful but dangerous phenomenon. Many think it is white, but is it really? [read more...]
Many people worry that artificial intelligence, abbreviated AI
, will one day replace humans, even in creative areas such as composing music. In a step in that direction, YouTuber Taryn Southern has created a song with the help of AI software. [read more...]
Most buildings nowadays are made of metal. However, the new Festival Foods located on East Washington Avenue took advantage of another organic material: ash and red pine trees. [read more...]
Over thousands of years, generations of stargazers and astronomers from every culture have located and named the constellations known to humanity. We have been fascinated by space for so long that, amazingly, we may know more about space than our own Earth. Nevertheless, with newer technology, we are always learning more about far distant parts of our skies. [read more...]
Bread is a food as common as they come. Many eat it almost everyday. So it might surprise you to learn that this seemingly inconspicuous item actually has quite the impact on our environment. [read more...]
The way people have learned to read and interpret written language is something that scientists have studied for a long time. How is it that simple marks on a mere piece of paper can convey mind-changing ideas? [read more...]
Since the 1800’s, temperatures have increased in abnormal ways, thus spurring global warming. [read more...]
In rural Wisconsin, there are barns everywhere--or nearly everywhere, it seems. Most of them are red. This is no coincidence. [read more...]
Earlier this year, scientists stumbled upon a specimen they claim to be the oldest fossil ever discovered – dating back at least 3.77 billion years. In a recent study, researchers Mattew S. Dodd, Dr. Dominic Papineau, and their colleagues at the University College London examined rocks from a formation in Canada called Nuvvuagittuq. [read more...]
Think about how often you see rocks every day. Have you ever imagined that one could be alive? Unless you are in Chile or Peru, this probably isn’t the case. But then again, after reading about this creature, you may believe anything is possible. [read more...]
Humans see light in a number of ways. Each way depends on light and wavelengths. [read more...]
From car seats to cosmetics, you probably use foam products every day. But did you know that commercial foam is fabricated right here in Madison, Wisconsin? [read more...]
A study in the journal Nature, showed that in the next 50 years, a quarter of the world’s land animals and plants could become extinct. That’s around a million species. [read more...]
Over 430,001 years ago, a murder occurred in Northern Spain. Well, at least a suspected one. In the cave system Sima de los Huesos, translated in English to Pit of Bones, scientists found a skull with many injuries. [read more...]
Can coffee stunt your growth? No. While you may have been told this myth when you were little, there is actually no scientific evidence to back this claim. [read more...]
Vine, a worldwide app run by Twitter, enabled users to create six-second videos and post them online for others to view, like, and share. Bought from entrepreneurs Dom Hofmann, Rus Yusupov, and Colin Kroll by Twitter in October of 2012, Vine faced a lack of funding from its beginning. Despite the pleas of many, Vine owners officially shut down their mobile app in 2016. [read more...]
Once thought of as a device for only the wealthy, the computer has become a part of everyday life. But they didn’t always look the way they do today.
In the late 1970's, Intel released the first “home computer.” This model was big and clunky, but it did what it was advertised to do: solve complex math problems and receive faxes. [read more...]
Fossils are remnants of organisms that died millions of years ago. They can provide information about organisms that we may not otherwise know. [read more...]
At the 2017 Oscars, 98-year-old Katherine Johnson took the stage. It is not customary for a mathematician to be honored at this awards show; however, with the release of Hidden Figures, Johnson’s life story—in all of its success and difficulty—quickly became a national conversation. As depicted in the film, Johnson pushed through the struggles of being an African-American woman in a white-male dominated field and accomplished amazing things. [read more...]
A species of arachnids, spiders are widely unique creatures.
Spiders have a number of interesting physical features. [read more...]
The Galapagos are a group of oceanic islands made up of 15 main islands, 42 islets, and 26 rocks and reefs. Located in the Pacific Ocean, the islands were created when lava rose from the sea bed. The region also has a marine reserve of 79,900 square kilometers. [read more...]
What is the ugliest, strangest, grumpiest looking animal? According to the Ugly Animal Preservation Society, it’s the blobfish. [read more...]
For thousands of years, humans have been watching the sky. They’ve mastered the patterns of the stars and can easily find constellations like the zodiacs, Pleiades, the Big Dipper, Orion, and many other star clusters. Ancient people knew their way around the night sky; if you want to learn to be as skilled in astronomy and stargazing as they were, follow these tips below. [read more...]
The Great Barrier Reef, at the bottom of the Pacific Ocean, is an astounding symbol of life and beauty. Home to thousands of creatures, it is currently under threat of destruction, however, and could ultimately become a representation of how the world can kill a natural-made beauty. [read more...]
For decades, an old astronaut dummy sat collecting dust at the National Air and Space Museum’s (NASM) warehouse in Suiteland, Maryland. No one knew what it was, and passerbys often wondered why it was there and for what purpose. [read more...]
Did you know that the famous astronomer Galileo Galilei was the first to study the Milky Way in 1610? The Milky Way is our home, and there is much to learn about it. [read more...]
Millions of stars that are held together by gravitational attraction form a galaxy. Certain galaxy centers emit lots of energy. Astronomers think that this energy is created by a black hole. Such galaxies are known as active galaxies. [read more...]
Scientists suspect that the Milky Way may have dwarf galaxies all around it. One of these galaxies is known as "Segue 2."
Segue 2 is an abnormally small galaxy located right outside of our galaxy, the Milky Way. This dwarf galaxy only has 1,000 stars; they are held together by a clump of dark matter. First discovered in 2009, Segue 2 is primarily known for its unique size. [read more...]
Can you imagine printing your dinner? 3D printing technology might soon have the power to do just that—and so much more. [read more...]
Remember that cloud that looked like a dragon or had the texture of cotton candy? Have you ever wondered what types of clouds they were? Each type of cloud is made by a certain weather condition. By observing the clouds in the sky, you can understand current weather and predict future weather. [read more...]
La Western Diamondback serpiente de cascabel (crotalus atrox
) es la única serpiente que actualmente traquetea. Estas serpientes de cascabel son “generalistas,” que significa que no son tan delicadas respecto a su hábitat. Se pueden encontrar en el suroeste de los Estados Unidos y México en los desiertos, llanuras, bosques, laderas rocosas y áreas a lo largo de la costa. [read more...]
Jaguars are not only strong swimmers – they're also the only wildcats that enjoy going in water. This is just one of their many unique characteristics. [read more...]
Venus and Mars are the two closest planet to Earth. Scientists have discovered a lot about these planets. Venus is the hottest planet in our solar system. Venus has toxic clouds and acid that would burn human skin. Heat From the sun gets trapped by clouds around the planet. This is what makes Venus so hot. Even though Mercury is the closest planet to the sun, Venus is still the hottest. [read more...]
Many vertebrates use their teeth, jaws, or breaks to capture and eat their prey. The type of tooth, beak, or jaw depends on where the vertebrae lives and what exactly it eats. [read more...]
There are many fun things to do during winter, such as snowmobiling and skiing. However, it is possible for winter sports enthusiasts to misjudge weather conditions and get hurt or killed by an avalanche. Today, avalanches kill about 30 people each year; where in the 1950s, this number was much smaller – only four a year. [read more...]
About 100,000 years ago tigers roamed the Indochinese region. Thus deemed “Indochinese Tigers,” these powerful beasts are said to be the ancestors of all other tiger subspecies. [read more...]
Deep inside planet Earth, stones are being formed into priceless gemstones. Whatever crystal or stone the Earth is making, it is regarded as a gemstone if worn as jewelry. [read more...]
Jupiter is the largest planet in our solar system; in fact, 11 earths would barely stretch over the diameter of Jupiter. For centuries, scientists have been interested in this massive planet and its moons. [read more...]
Eons ago, ancient civilizations noticed a reddish and extremely bright star in the sky. They named this star Mars. Over the course of hundreds of years, humans learned that this star is actually a planet. Space scientists discovered that the planet?s days (called sol?s
), seasons, and possible vegetation are all similar to Earth?s. [read more...]
If you look up to the sky every night for a week, you see the same moon. But each night it looks a little different. [read more...]
Family trips, the flu, various appointments—these are the reasons commonly given by students seeking excused school absences. But allergies and asthma? Though it might sound odd, Sennett Middle School’s Health Office recently cited allergies and asthma as the top causes of missed school days in middle school-aged children. [read more...]
Billions of galaxies exist across the universe. Our home, Planet Earth, is located in a galaxy called the Milky Way. [read more...]
Hace unos 340 años algunas personas cuestionaron el porque las cosas caían por su propio peso hacia abajo y no hacia arriba. [read more...]
Con la cara de un dinosaurio pequeño, el lagarto volado Australiano es uno de de los reptiles más extraños y impresionantes. Solo 20 pulgadas en longitud y menos de dos libras, este lagarto vive en los áreas tropicales y los bosques de Australia y Nueva Guinea. [read more...]