UW-Madison Virologist Hopes to Increase Flu Vaccine Efficacy

by Virginia Quach, age 15

Each year during flu season, millions of Americans get the flu vaccine. Yet, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, in 2014-15, the vaccine was only 23 percent effective. In 2016, however, virologist Yoshihiro Kawaoka from the University of Wisconsin-Madison believed he may have developed a method to predict flu virus mutations to create better vaccines.

Kawaoka and his team conducted two sets of experiments: one addressing antigenic mutations of flu viruses and another relating to identifying mutations that lead to high-yield virus growth. For the antigenic selection experiments, Kawaoka mixed a variety of mutation-carrying flu viruses and antibodies for placement in canine cells for virus growth. His team then mapped and analyzed the viruses for patterns of mutations that would allow said viruses to avoid the antibodies. [read more]

Critics Condemn Milwaukee’s Approach to Significant Lead-in-Water Problem

by Sylvan Bachhuber, age 17

Milwaukee residents are concerned that lead may be poisoning their water. According to a 2014 report, over eight percent of children tested in the city had blood levels at or above the level indicating lead poisoning. This figure is significantly higher than it is for individuals in Flint, Michigan. An increasing number of Milwaukee citizens are concerned that not enough has been done to address this issue.

Lead leaches into drinking water when service pipes containing lead corrode. Corroding is the dissolving of metal due to a chemical reaction that often occurs when water is too acidic or lacks certain minerals. The temperature of the water, the amount of initial wear on the pipes, and the presence of protective coatings inside plumbing materials can also impact the amount of lead that enters drinking water. Experts report that Milwaukee is home to over 70,000 lead service lines that could be corroding for any one of these reasons. [read more]

Microscopic Organisms Can Cause Life-Altering Diseases

by Josepha Da Costa, age 11

Diseases prevent the body from working properly, but you might not know you have a disease until you start experiencing symptoms.

Many diseases are caused by germs, while others are caused by injuries, genes, and toxins. Diseases can also be caused by the body itself. Almost all diseases can be treated by contemporary medicine or practices including drugs, surgery, or radiotherapy. [read more]

Slow Down Your Breathing, Slow Down Your Mind

by Michelle Chi, age 15

Do you have a paper due soon? Or a job interview coming up? Or have an important event in the imminent future? All these things trigger a stress response, the body’s natural release of chemical hormones that cause us to feel anxiety. You might feel a tightening in your chest, your heartbeat and breathing becoming faster, and maybe even develop a slight headache.

As bothersome as it is sometimes, stress is an essential part of life. The stress response is the body’s survival mode, and it can help us cope in difficult situations. But if these situations cause too much stress and become debilitating, it may be necessary to calm down and relieve some of the anxiety. It can be hard to deal with stress sometimes, but luckily, there is a simple way to alleviate the pressure: just breathe. [read more]

Recent Health Articles

For many, the world of slumber is marvelous and rejuvenating. Dreams of finding ourselves in candylands and soaring above the clouds dance through our minds while we sleep. But for others, sleep can involve petrifying experiences like sleep paralysis. [read more...]
The most common cause of death in America, cancer is a frightening and devastating disease. About 1.5 million Americans are diagnosed with cancer every year. [read more...]
Obesity is a worldwide problem and has been increasingly so in recent decades. This is especially true in the United States, where one third of Americans are obese. [read more...]
Lupus, an autoimmune disease that affects many people—especially young women of color—can be socially, emotionally, and physically draining. UW Health serves more than 600 Lupus patients and recently opened a new clinic to serve those affected. [read more...]
Alzheimer’s is a devastating disease with no cure. However, research indicates that music may at least slow the development of Alzheimer’s. [read more...]
Researchers were surprised when they found an estimated 38 million pieces of trash washed up on the beaches of a tiny unpopulated island in the middle of the Pacific Ocean recently. According to the researchers, the density of the trash was the highest recorded in the world. Welcome to Henderson Island, an 18 sqaure-mile British dependency located about halfway between New Zealand and Chile. [read more...]
On May 12, 1820, a girl was born to affluent British parents in Florence, Italy. Growing up as a member of “respectable society”, she was expected to follow the conventional route for someone with her status at the time, which included marrying well. To her parents’ chagrin, however, she was more interested in healing the sick than courting eligible young men, and she even rejected the “respectable” boy who proposed to her. Worse than that, she loved math, which displeased her parents the most. She was Florence Nightingale: the “Lady with the Lamp,” a famous nurse in the Crimean War, and—perhaps most notably— a mathematician. [read more...]
You have likely heard of your “internal clock” from people who say you need to get it “back on schedule.” But what is this timepiece within us, and how does it work? [read more...]
The flu pandemic of 1918 was one of the largest and deadliest in history. The influenza, or flu, pandemic infected about 500 million people—about one third of the planet’s population at that time. The flu infected more than 25 percent of the U.S. population, and more than 675,000 Americans died. The disease was first seen in Europe, the U.S., and parts of Asia. Then it spread around the world. The first flu vaccine was decades away; there was no effective treatment available in 1918. [read more...]
Research shows that decreasing consumption of trans fat helps hearts. Trans fat is a fat that raises low-density lipoprotein (LDL), which is 'bad cholesterol' and lowers high-density lipoprotein (HDL), which is 'good cholesterol'. This is the reason doctors consider trans fat the worst fat one can eat. [read more...]
Running is a very tiring task to some, though others enjoy it. Regardless of how you feel about running, researchers have found that a single hour of this activity could add seven hours to your life. [read more...]
Do you have trouble getting into reading? Do you find it hard to read for fun? Well, if so, you may be more likely to live a shorter life according to a study published in the journal Social Science. [read more...]
Having a healthy body usually means one is free of disease and injury. Sometimes, people are born with hereditary diseases, which are carried in a person’s genes and passed down through generations. Other factors that contribute to a person’s health are his or her environment, lifestyle, and general nutrition. [read more...]
Are school lunches unhealthy for kids in America? Lunch programs that offer healthy and nutritious meals must follow strict guidelines. However, students at Roosevelt High School in Chicago, Illinois feel that the food they’re being served is barely edible, let alone healthy. [read more...]
When you eat a caramel apple, the first thing that comes across your mind usually isn’t contamination. However, recent research suggests that how you consume your caramel apple is something you need to worry about. In fact, it is a potentially deadly issue. [read more...]
A recent finding published in the journal Nature Genetics suggests that a gene associated with short stature, reduced mobility, and sore joints might have played a key role in the survival of humans during the Ice Age. [read more...]
Once people start hitting middle-age, their eye-sight—especially their ability to focus on objects close to them—can begin to deteriorate. However, a corneal implant, called KAMRA, could assist people suffering from farsightedness. [read more...]
Have you ever wondered how baby teeth fall out? It is a normal, natural, and interesting process. [read more...]
The way it’s portrayed in the movies, hypnotism involves a kooky therapist waiving a pocket watch back and forth in front of a patient, repeating the phrase, “You are getting very sleepy!” The patient falls into a trance, and does whatever the doctor says. This is yet another example of things you can’t believe on TV. [read more...]
Many people in our modern world find themselves relying on fitness devices, such as Fitbits or Apple Watches, to keep track of their exercise and fitness goals. But a recent study suggests that using this technology alone does not always cause weight loss. [read more...]
Do you love listening to music every day? So much so that you can’t stop listening to it? Even though listening to music can be a fun way to pass time, it can make concentrating on work very difficult. [read more...]
Breathing is something many people probably do without even thinking about it. But not those with asthma. Asthma is a common condition that affects the lungs and causes sufferers difficulty breathing. It affects one in every 12 people. [read more...]
What would happen if scientists had the ability to eliminate diseases transmitted to humans, like malaria? [read more...]
In the 16th century, over 400 people in Strasbourg, France ‘danced themselves to death.’ Yes, that’s right: these Frenchmen literally killed themselves by dancing. [read more...]
Diseases prevent the body from working properly, but you might not know you have a disease until you start experiencing symptoms. [read more...]
Do you have a paper due soon? Or a job interview coming up? Or have an important event in the imminent future? All these things trigger a stress response, the body’s natural release of chemical hormones that cause us to feel anxiety. You might feel a tightening in your chest, your heartbeat and breathing becoming faster, and maybe even develop a slight headache. [read more...]
Milwaukee residents are concerned that lead may be poisoning their water. According to a 2014 report, over eight percent of children tested in the city had blood levels at or above the level indicating lead poisoning. This figure is significantly higher than it is for individuals in Flint, Michigan. An increasing number of Milwaukee citizens are concerned that not enough has been done to address this issue. [read more...]
The Black Death, also known as the “bubonic plague,” was a horrible illness that affected Europe and Asia from the 14th through the 15th century. During this period, known today as the Middle Ages, 25 million people died from the Black Death. [read more...]
Wisdom teeth can be a real pain when they try to squeeze into your mouth. Most people end up getting them removed. So the big question is, why do humans even have these pesky teeth in the first place? [read more...]
Each year during flu season, millions of Americans get the flu vaccine. Yet, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, in 2014-15, the vaccine was only 23 percent effective. In 2016, however, virologist Yoshihiro Kawaoka from the University of Wisconsin-Madison believed he may have developed a method to predict flu virus mutations to create better vaccines. [read more...]
New research shows that dyslexia is not just about language and reading, but more related to brain functions. Dyslexia is a disability that can cause confusion while reading and writing. [read more...]
The Sun is one of the largest stars in our galaxy. It lies 149.6 million kilometers away from Earth. Unlike other stars, the sun is not seen as a little point of light in the sky. Made out of large amounts of gases—92.1 percent hydrogen and about eight percent helium—the Sun gives life to all creatures on the Earth. We see this important star so differently than many others because it's actually a lot closer to us than the majority of other stars. [read more...]
Did you know that Louis Pasteur helped get germs out of milk? Louis Pasteur, French chemist and microbiologist, was born on December 27, 1822, in Dole, France. He lived with his father in Arbois, France. Not a very good student but an excellent artist, Pasteur earned a bachelor’s degree in arts in 1840, and another one in science in 1842. He received his doctorate from the École Normale in Paris. Pasteur spent years researching and teaching at Dijon Lycée before he became a professor of chemistry at the University of Strasbourg. [read more...]
Fungi are such unique organisms that they have their own kingdom. Different types of fungi care found throughout the world, in places such as Antarctica, the Amazon Jungle, in the rainforest, the Gobi desert, and even in our own backyards. Fungi are advantageous and disadvantageous: some are used to treat and help cure diseases, but others are the cause of some diseases. [read more...]
Drawing a heart shape may seem easy, but the real heart is a complex organ. [read more...]
Although Olympic gold medalist Simone Biles is a major success today, she didn’t always have a star-studded life. Born on March 14th, 1997, in Columbus, Ohio, Biles was raised by her grandparents because her mother struggled with substance abuse. After living with her grandparents for a while, Simone Biles and her sister were officially adopted by them. [read more...]
Teenagers today are known for their irritable, impulsive behavior and constant craving of gratification. Teen minds are wired to be impatient. But why? [read more...]
What sport helps participants stay strong, win battles, and teaches valuable self- defense? Karate, of course! A long time ago in Japan, karate was brought to the Okinawan Islands by a Chinese family. In Japanese, karate literally means “empty hands.” Karate originated here because weapons were banned in Japan at the time, so hands became the weapons of choice for many warriors. [read more...]
Since the water crisis in Flint, Michigan, the issue of lead-contaminated water and lead pipes has gained renewed attention. Since then, many states, including Wisconsin, have taken action to replace the lead water pipes still in use by schools, homes, businesses and other facilities. [read more...]
Every moment, millions of signals pass through the brain and carry all kinds of messages. The brain controls feelings, emotions, and motion. It also receives information from the senses and helps to put them together into thoughts and memories. [read more...]
Imagine growing up struggling with your sexual or gender identity. Coming to terms with who you are can be difficult—especially when you find yourself battling the opinions and beliefs of the people around you. Eventually, you might figure it out. However, whether you identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, pansexual, asexual, transgender—you crave acceptance from your family, friends, and society. After all this questioning, you may decide you're ready to come out. You tell your family about your identity. However, they don't accept you and kick you out, leaving you homeless. [read more...]
One in three Latino, African American, and single parent households in the Dane County struggle to get enough nutritional food, according to a report by Public Health Madison and Dane County (PHMDC). For in contrast, white households in Dane County, about 20 percent face food insecurities. These numbers represent hunger problems for our families here in Madison. [read more...]
What is colorism? Colorism is prejudice or discrimination toward people of color that specifically focuses on the relative darkness of an individual’s complexion. I wasn’t quite sure what it really was until I watched a documentary called Dark Girls. Even though I have experienced colorism first hand, Dark Girls reveals experiences of colorism in the U.S. and around the world. [read more...]
Why do humans need to breath? Breathing is a part of the process that maintains levels of oxygen in the body. When we stop breathing, no oxygen gets to the brain, which can very quickly lead to brain damage and even death. [read more...]
Can you imagine getting paid six million dollars to say three words? Well that’s exactly the deal Justin Timberlake made with McDonalds when he sang the catchphrase, “I'm Lovin' It.” But what effect does this advertising have on this food chain's young audience? [read more...]
Water pollution is unarguably one of Wisconsin’s biggest environmental problems. The state prides itself on clean lakes and rivers, yet many Wisconsinites are appalled at the findings in a recent report by the Department of Natural Resources (DNR). In a report, the DNR disclosed Wisconsin’s inability to enforce laws protecting drinking water due to a number of pollutants contaminating lakes and rivers. The pollutants are generated by concentrated animal feeding operations, also known as CAFOs. [read more...]
Germs are everywhere – on every surface we touch, on the foods we eat, and everywhere we go. But because they are invisible to the naked eye, we don't think of them until we get aches, chills, sore throats, or other ailments. Although we may not realize it, we've all been affected by either a bacterium or a virus--these are the germs that make us sick. Bacteria are so small that more than 1,000 of them can fit on the head of a pin. Viruses are even smaller; 10,000 of these can fit on the head of a pin. [read more...]
Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), which consists of repetitive cycles of depression, can lead to temporary and even permanent brain damage. According to a recent study by the Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance, nearly 14.8 million American adults suffer from MDD annually. [read more...]
For many lower income students, going to college might seem like an unreachable dream. Thankfully, a $50,000 donation from UW Health and Unity Health Insurance to Madison College will provide scholarships to under-represented youth to help them get on the right path toward a health care career. [read more...]
Football is a sport that has captured many peoples' hearts. The interceptions, the touchdowns, the excitement, the passion and, most importantly, the aggression – many would be devastated if the NFL ended. But that just might happen soon. [read more...]
Habits, especially bad ones, can be an annoying part of our every day lives. They can range from small things—like chewing fingernails—to more serious actions—like alcohol or drug addictions. Currently, researchers are working to figure out how habits form and how they can be reversed. [read more...]
Not Impossible Labs, a new high technology team in Venice, California, has invented the Brainwriter. The Brainwriter is a machine that will eventually allow people with paralysis to communicate through a laptop, using only their minds. [read more...]
Most people know that life expectancy varies according to how healthy you are, but a recent study also links life expectancy to where one lives and his or her annual income. [read more...]
Malaria is a disease that has a lasting impact on people worldwide. It is estimated to affect more than 200 million people a year and of those, kills at least 660,000—most of whom are children. To solve this tropical and sub-tropical killer, a new vaccine is being launched by the pharmaceutical company GlaxoSmithKline (GSK). [read more...]
Regardless of what parents may think, a recent study shows a strong possibility that playing video games could make you smarter. The study tested 152 adolescents who played at least 12.6 hours a week. The study found that video game play is associated with greater “cortical thickness,” meaning greater density in specific brain areas that affect decision-making. [read more...]
It is well known that humans have unique fingerprints. But did you know that our chins also set us apart? In fact, the only other species with a chin is the elephant. So why do we have a chin? And how did it get there in the first place? [read more...]
Just because a person wants to eat, it doesn't mean he or she is truly hungry. Hunger is caused when blood vessels lack nutritive materials and a message is sent to the hunger center of the brain. The brain tells the stomach and intestines to become more active; that's why a hungry person hears his or her stomach rumble. A calm individual can live longer without food while, an excitable person uses up the food they have stored quicker. [read more...]
According to a study from Northwestern University, music and audiobooks reduce pain in most patients after surgery. The study started with adults, but will be repeated to young adults and children. [read more...]
Ants of the Formica Fusca species have discovered a way to fight off harmful fungal infections. They have discovered that hydrogen peroxide, though normally very dangerous to them, can sometimes be salubrious or, good for their health. [read more...]
In Flint, Michigan, people have unwittingly ingested lead-infused water due to a change of water sources. But how do they find out where people are getting poisoned and who has lead in their blood? [read more...]
For women who cannot breastfeed, providing babies proper nutrition can be a dilemma. Some mothers find breast-feeding difficult and time-consuming, while others produce more milk than they can handle. Breast milk offers protection from certain illnesses and is easy for babies to digest. For these reasons, some believe that breast milk is preferable to formula. [read more...]
“Monolingualism is the illiteracy of the 21st century,” said Gregg Roberts, a language immersion specialist. Recently, his philosophy is seemingly becoming more relevant.In fact, current research shows that being multilingual, having the ability to speak more than one language, helps the brain become more resourceful and flexible. [read more...]
Viruses are mysterious. They can survive almost any environment on earth and have the uncanny ability to duplicate themselves and exist for centuries. They do not need food, water, or even air to survive. Even though we know so much about viruses, we still have a lot of learning to do to uncover all of their mysteries. [read more...]
For many years childhood obesity has been an issue; however, it appears that with each passing year, the problem is becoming more prevalent. Consequently, health problems typically not seen until adulthood are now being found in children. Such problems include type two diabetes, high cholesterol, and hypertension. [read more...]
After decades of a tumultuous relationship, American-Cuban exchanges have finally taken a positive step forward. This change brings an unlikely ray of hope to the medical field – for America. [read more...]
Did you know that if you practice at least three times per game you could improve your soccer skills? There are many different kinds of things you can do to better your game. Start with basic drills. “Go outdoors, grab a ball, and keep it close to your feet. That will help improve your ability to run with the ball close,” Says Hugo Grajeda, Director of Pro Youth Soccer Academy in Chester, New York. [read more...]
Being able to balance is crucial. But like many day-to-day functions, people do not think about balance all the time. It is not until they start to lose this ability that they realize how important it is. Around 30,000 people in America suffer from dizziness each day because of damage to the organs that manage balance. To combat this, scientists are developing an ear implant that could potentially cure dizziness. [read more...]
As a way to protect patients from infections that spread in hospitals, some hospitals in New York and New Mexico are starting to offer hospitalization at home. The arrangement includes daily visits from doctors and nurses as well as at-home lab draws, medication, x-rays, and even ultrasound scans if needed. The cost of this at-home care is typically no greater than if the patient received care at a hospital instead. [read more...]
The thought of surgery is gruesome, but just imagine being awake while tangerine-sized flaps of your skull are cut open. [read more...]
The phrases “hazardous parts” or “choking hazard” usually lead people to think of plastic accessories, such as toy shoes or removable action figure limbs things that children might put into their noses or mouths. Very few might realize that "button batteries", circular, metallic, lithium-filled discs, are also such a hazard. However, studies show that button batteries can be even more hazardous than a simple toy shoe. [read more...]
Soccer is the world’s most popular sport, but it is also one of the most dangerous ones. [read more...]
According to the American Cancer Society, over five hundred thousand Americans will die of cancer this year. Chemotherapy has been an important weapon against cancer. In fact, it has helped to reduce the number of deaths by about twenty percent over two decades. [read more...]
Do you know someone with diabetes, heart disease, hypertension, or cancer? Then you know the misery and death these diseases cause. Who knew the remedy for such diseases might lie in toxins from the venom of Gila monsters, snakes, scorpions, or cone snails? The “molecular gifts” of these animals can kill; but, in these cases, their poisons have already produced powerful medicines to treat diseases and hold promise for treatments and cures in the future. [read more...]
Researchers are working to find truths, dispel rumors, and give consumers the facts about how diet soda affects one’s health. [read more...]
Due to the recent media focus on Ebola, much of the U.S. population is worried about an uncontrollable Ebola outbreak. However, people in the U.S. should not be concerned. Why? The answer lies in the R0, or the “R nought,” a number used by epidemiologists to determine how infectious a disease is. This mathematical term predicts—with accuracy—how many people who come in contact with an infected person will actually get the disease. [read more...]
As medical technology continues to advance, scientists are excited to announce that they may soon have the ability to create human organs from stem cells. Currently, teams are focusing on fabricating human livers. [read more...]
Some people have grown up believing that eating food like ice cream, chicken soup, and mac and cheese can lift their spirits. But is this actually true? Recently, scientists have indicated that this is, in fact, false. [read more...]
After decades without solutions, researchers may have developed a cure for type 1 diabetes. Recently, studies successfully converted stem cells into insulin-producing cells, and in sufficient quantities for transplantation, thus offering glimmers of hope to those battling this disease. [read more...]
Parents may find that providing healthy breakfast options for children can be a challenge, considering the amount of advertisements that exist for unhealthy cereals. Scientists at Yale University are currently studying this problem. [read more...]
Pregnant women often strive to maintain healthy diets. A new study published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition supports that this is beneficial for both woman and child. In fact, this study indicates that an expectant woman’s healthy diet not only positively influences her health but also offers the baby benefits for years following its birth. [read more...]
The practice of stem cell research has existed for almost two decades, since the first successful embryonic stem cell growth (ESC) in 1998. Following this, stem cells have led scientists to many significant breakthroughs in the medical field. [read more...]
The United States' federal student loan debt has surpassed one trillion dollars, a figure larger than that of national credit card borrowing. This is significant for many young Americans, especially those age 19-29, because student loan debt is 421% higher than the debt of other age groups. Recent research conducted at the Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine indicated there may be a link between high debt and poor health. [read more...]
In today’s realm of high school and college sports, knee injuries are at an all-time high. More alarmingly, it is a well-known fact that women, in particular, are at a great risk of sustaining lower-extremity injuries. Scientists are now working to establish why this is. One of the most debilitating injuries young athletes can suffer from is a torn ligament. In fact, over 90,000 anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears occur in high school and college athletes annually. [read more...]
Researchers in Boston are looking for an effective way to counteract resistance to prostate cancer treatment by comparing mice and men. Working out of a tiny mouse hospital at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, these researches are equipped with miniature ultrasound machines, MRI machines, CT and PET scanners, clinical laboratories, and pharmacies. [read more...]
It’s no wonder The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks—Rebecca Skloot's non-fiction account of theft, disease, exploitation, and science—became a bestseller. This shocking text tells the story of Henrietta Lacks, a woman incapable of telling it herself. [read more...]
Generally, consumers believe that the more vitamins and minerals they eat, the healthier and stronger they will be. But when it comes to certain nutrients, more is not always better. [read more...]
Thanks to the new technology of 3D printing, a bald eagle was recently able to recover from her traumatic accident. Beauty, the eagle, was the victim of a hunter’s shot. At the age of six, a bullet destroyed her upper beak. [read more...]
Researchers at Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston have created a surgical glue that offers great promise in providing a safer, more efficient method for mending broken hearts. [read more...]
Recent studies led by Dr. Jim Olson indicate that scorpion venom may help identify cancerous tissue. If developed further, this research could raise the quality of life for cancer patients. [read more...]
Electronic cigarettes may produce aerosol vapor instead of smoke, but recent studies challenge whether that makes them any less dangerous than conventional cigarettes. [read more...]
The digestive system is a process that involves many organs in the abdomen. The role of digestion is to convert food into useful material that provides the body energy, sustains growth, and repairs it when necessary. Digestion involves the mouth; esophagus; stomach; liver; gallbladder; pancreas; and the small and the large intestines. [read more...]
The next time you are studying for your exams, you might consider going to the gym. Scientists have been researching how exercise affects memory and learning. How you exercise could improve or decrease your ability to make memories. [read more...]
In America, sugar consumption has increased substantially since the 1970’s. The average American kid now eats more than 20 teaspoons of sugar per day. A recent study from the University of Utah indicates that high sugar intake not only has negative effects on health but also may be toxic. [read more...]
Studies conducted by the American Cancer Society and the University of Minnesota indicate that exercise may be a vital key to reduce the risk of breast cancer. Two reports published in the journal Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention detail the positive influence of exercise and explain the study’s conclusions. [read more...]
The misuse and overuse of antibiotics has created new strains of more resistant, and even deadly bacteria. Recently, the Center of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) published a list of the three most urgent antibiotic-caused bacteria: Clostridium difficile (C. diff), Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE), and drug-resistant gonorrhea. [read more...]
Humans are the only animals whose brains are known to deteriorate. Many neuroscientists believe that by our late twenties our brainpower begins to diminish and our pre-frontal cortex begins to shrink. But there is hope: scientists say there are things we can do to delay cognitive decline. [read more...]
Researchers have been wondering about the health benefits of soy products, a staple food in Asia. Soy contains a concentration of phytoestrogen, a chemical that is similar to estrogen. Experts are researching whether excessive amounts of phytoestrogen cause problems in women who have estrogen-sensitive breast cancer. [read more...]
Do migraines damage the brain? According to Dr. Messoud Ashina, this is a frequent question asked by patients who suffer from serious headaches. [read more...]
Although surveys show smoking habits have remained stagnant since 2011, the use of tobacco has grown with the introduction of new products. Emerging tobacco products such as e-cigarettes, hookahs, snus (similar to snuff in a packet) and dissolvable tobacco (similar to cough drops) are increasing in popularity among middle and high-school students in the United States. [read more...]
Almost every kid has been told to eat his or her veggies. Why? Because they are good for you. We all know this, but may not realize that a big benefit of veggies is their water content. [read more...]
Medical researchers are uncovering links between unhealthy habits during childhood and risk for heart disease later in life. This is mainly due to the growing concerns about the cardiovascular health of millions of children in the United States who are considered obese or overweight. Researchers have found that the relative age and state of a child’s arteries play a primary role in determining their risk for cardiovascular problems. [read more...]
Drugs are commonly prescribed by doctors to help people who are sick or injured. Many of them have been used for thousands of years in various forms and combinations. [read more...]
The misuse and overuse of antibiotics has created new strains of more resistant, and even deadly bacteria. Recently, the Center of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) published a list of the three most urgent antibiotic-caused bacteria: Clostridium difficile (C. diff), Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE), and drug-resistant gonorrhea. [read more...]
MicroRNAs are molecules present in our to bodies that direct cell development. They work with DNA to express genes to change the cell's characteristics. Using this attribute, scientists hope to turn injured, scarred tissue into healthy muscle cells. [read more...]
SAV001-H is a new vaccine designed to prevent the infection by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). It was developed by a research team at the Department of Microbiology and Immunology at the University of Western Ontario. The vaccine has completed stage one of human clinical trials testing its safety. More trials are necessary to decide whether or not the vaccine is safe and effective for its target population. [read more...]
Josephine Baker was the first physician to use preventive medicine, and revolutionized the field of midwifery. Her 1939 autobiography, “Fighting for Life,” was recently reissued. Dr. Abigail Zuger, a contribution to the New York Times said Bakers insights are “intensely relevant” today. [read more...]
Smoking doesn’t affect just those who smoke, but everyone around them. Furthermore, smokers in the work force can even affect their employer. [read more...]
To prevent the formation of blood clots during operations, surgeons have relied on blood thinners like heparin to do the trick. But new technology, using particles of gold too small to see or measure, has given researchers a way to stop blood clots for the procedure and restore them afterward. [read more...]
Nutrition is important for all humans, but not many people consider it in their daily lives. Nutrition is the process of how we eat and how our bodies use food. We need food to provide our bodies energy so they can do their job. [read more...]
If you had the decision to jog a few miles or take a pill that could possibly have the same health effect, what would you choose? Most people would take effortless fitness over sweating bullets. According to a new study by a team at Scripps Research Institute in Jupiter, Florida, scientists may have stumbled onto a compound that simulates the effects of exercise. [read more...]
Malaria is a killer. It is a deadly disease carried by mosquitoes, and it is most prevalent in developing countries with subtropical or tropical climates. [read more...]
Two researchers at Cornell University arranged an experiment to finally settle the score about the age-old diet advice: “Never shop on an empty stomach.” [read more...]
A shark known as the dogfish can supply a cure for various viral diseases. [read more...]
Did you know that your favorite lipstick may contain traces of lead? Lead is a highly toxic metal found in things such as older homes, contaminated soil, and lead-glazed pottery. Chronic lead exposure can increase blood pressure, decrease fertility, affect memory, cause cataracts, nerve disorders, muscle and joint pains. [read more...]
Many doctors, and many people, are fascinated by the topic of sleep. It seems that people are always either sleeping too much or sleeping too little. Doctors can usually sense that something else is wrong when you can’t sleep. Interestingly, one of the major factors in obesity may be lack of sleep. [read more...]
I sometimes lose my train of thought— as do many others. And what can we blame for this maddening behavior? According to science, the culprit is the anterior temporal lobe (ATL). [read more...]
A study that followed approximately 100,000 nurses for up to 30 years demonstrates that women who consume three or more alcohol drinks per week show an elevated risk of breast cancer. This new research finds a link between drinking and breast cancer that is not necessarily causal; it is only correlational. No conclusive proof supports the notion that drinking causes breast cancer. [read more...]
More people than ever are thinking about ways to cut down on greenhouse gas emissions. Some scientists suggest that cutting back on our meat diets would help. The raising of livestock like pigs and cows occupies two-thirds of the world’s farmland and causes 20 percent of greenhouse gases according to some estimates. [read more...]
Although it is known as a common home remedy for injuries, honey is now being used in hospitals as well. Honey is an effective treatment because it creates a constant production of the antiseptic, hydrogen peroxide, when applied to an open wound. Like in the old times, honey is being used by the medical community to heal wounds. [read more...]
The H1N1, also known as swine flu, was a pandemic that started in 2008 in Mexico. It was mistaken by as regular flu the people of Mexico until the identification of the new H1N1 in April 2009. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines an epidemic as any infectious disease that affects many people in one country. A pandemic, however, occurs in more than one place, in two or more countries, or all over the world. [read more...]
The World Health Organization estimates that 250 million people worldwide suffer from malaria, and that one million die every year from the disease. A parasite from the genus Plasmodium causes this deadly blood disease. Infected mosquitos transmit the microbe between humans by biting. The symptoms of infection include anemia, chills, fever, headaches, vomiting, and death. [read more...]
Energy drinks are a fast-growing part of the beverage market in the United States. Made publicly available more than 20 years ago, these drinks may contain ingredients that are usually regulated at the same level as tobacco. [read more...]
The number of hospitalizations related to dog bites has increased substantially during the last 15 years. A new government study shows that the number of reported dog bites has almost doubled reaching 9,500 by 2008. [read more...]
For parents, the decision to send their child to daycare is often a difficult and complicated one. Now researchers have found another factor for their consideration. [read more...]
Advertising can be a very powerful tool. The same advertising techniques that encourages thousands of young people to smoke could also be making them fat. Some ads attempt to trick adolescents into craving certain foods, when they see ads. [read more...]
Most of us believe that medicines will help us. However, according to recent tests, prescription drugs may also contain certain antibiotics that are very powerful and possibly harmful to our bodies. [read more...]
A new genetic mutation that makes common bacteria resistant to nearly every antibiotic has traveled from India to the United States and to the United Kingdom. Moreover, modern science cannot stop its spread. [read more...]
High rates of depression and other mental health issues are common to smokers in our society. Now, a new study conducted by the University College of London suggests that people exposed to secondhand smoke are also at a higher risk of being hospitalized due to mental illness. [read more...]
About five percent of American children suffer from hypertension, or high blood pressure. High blood pressure is commonly considered a problem among overweight children, although in some cases genetics and rare medical problems also play a role. [read more...]
After coming from school I always need a snack to reboost my energy, so I usually have some fruit. But most kids aren’t like me. [read more...]
Around two decades ago, apple sales declined when a 1989 TV report led to widespread fear that apples were coated with a cancer-causing chemical called Alar. Alar was used to improve the color and crunch of apples. Now, the chemical, Alar, is being applied to plants that are non-edible, like flowers. [read more...]
While most parents think that vaccines protect their children from diseases, others strongly believe that some vaccines cause autism in otherwise healthy children. According to a recent study that surveyed 1,500 parents of children 17 and under, one in eight parents refused to allow their children to take various recommended vaccines. [read more...]
A new epidemic poses a serious threat to the poor and could raise healthcare costs. [read more...]
Each year thousands of children with head injuries have to go through the experience of having a CT scan. This test is usually performed to rule out the possibility of a serious brain injury. But a recent study found that these high-radiation scans are often unnecessary. [read more...]
In 1998, tobacco companies agreed to stop targeting kids. The Master Settlement Agreement, or MSA, forbids tobacco companies from using cartoons in ad campaigns to appeal to children. However, research shows that new advertisements depicting attractive and fashionable young adults smoking have actually a much greater appeal to teens. [read more...]
From 1998 to 2008, studies showed the use of marijuana and alcohol among teenagers was on the decline. Since 2008, however, this trend has reversed. [read more...]
For years, we have learned about the signs and symptoms of heart attacks. Heart disease is the number one killer and cause of disability in the United States, but it is also preventable. [read more...]