history

The fact that giraffes have long necks is commonly known. But what might surprise some people is that it wasn't always this way, and there are many theories why. [read more...]
Steven Paul Jobs, co-founder of Apple Computers, was born to two University of Wisconsin graduate students. However, it was his adoptive parents who shaped him into the brilliant man he became. [read more...]
The Colosseum is an ancient stadium in the city of Rome. It was perhaps ingeniously designed as both a place of entertainment and an arena of death. [read more...]
Fossils are remnants of organisms that died millions of years ago. They can provide information about organisms that we may not otherwise know. [read more...]
You may have heard of her before, or maybe you have even seen her wailing her terrifying cries. She is the Banshee, fairy of death and witchcraft, the star of many Irish legends. [read more...]
A few billion years ago, in a galaxy not so far, far away, before humans even existed, the universe was created. Scientists posit that the universe was formed about 13 billion years ago. Imagine a black, empty void followed by a flaming ball of dust and debris forming our universe; this theory is called the “Big Bang.” [read more...]
Ancient people had many incorrect ideas about the Earth. To this day, researchers are working to uncover these ideas and the truths that lie behind them. [read more...]
Michelle Obama—public servant, mom, and First Lady of the United States— is a great role model to young boys and girls today. [read more...]
George Washington Carver was born into slavery in 1864. He and his mother, Mary, were owned by Moses and Susan Carver. Carver was orphaned as a child when his mother was captured by slave raiders. After slavery was abolished, Moses and Susan Carver took in Carver, and regarded him as their own son. The Carvers taught him how to read and write. A good student, Carver especially enjoyed learning about plants and animals. [read more...]
The Eiffel is one of the most fascinating and famous towers in the world. French engineer Gustave Eiffel and his company designed the Parisian tower, the construction of which began in 1887. The tower was ultimately completed by 1889. [read more...]
A long time ago, before even newspapers existed, there lived a group of people called the Ancient Greeks. They shared news in the form of myths; which were often passed on through word-of-mouth. These myths represented a set of beliefs and are now collectively called Greek Mythology. One of my personal favorite Greet myths is “Lost At Sea”. [read more...]
While many remember Leonardo Da Vinci as a great artist, he was also a great scientist. He was born in the little Tuscan town of Vinci on April 15, 1452. His parents quickly separated after his birth, his father re-marrying a local heiress, and his mother, a local cow-herder. Leonardo was left in the custody of his father and his stepmother. The two didn’t have much time for Leonardo; his grandfather looked after him. [read more...]
Ancient Egypt was a monumental civilization that is still admired to this day. This nation's history reveals a fascinating progression from small settlement to country. People first settled in Egypt because of the Nile River. The Nile provided many things necessary for a settlement, such as food sources from the fish and the animals that came to drink here; water from the river itself; fertile silt for farming; and building materials from vegetation growing in its nearby areas. People also settled in Egypt because of its surroundings: the sand dunes, hot weather, and rough climate made it difficult to invade Egypt, therefore making it a safe place to live. [read more...]
A recent study conducted by an international team of scientists reported that agriculture's arrival in Europe 8,500 years ago altered human DNA. Specifically, Earth's populace saw changes to its height, digestion, immune system, and skin color. The study, the first of its kind, considered differences between genetics from living Europeans and their ancestors. This allowed researchers to see genetic changes that occurred over thousands of years. [read more...]
On October 23, 1940, Edison Arantes do Nacimiento was born in Tres Coracones, Brazil. Though he eventually became the most famous soccer player in the world, he came from a very poor family. [read more...]
The recent of a finding of a 5,300 year-old stomach has yielded a revealing discovery. The stomach, extracted from the famous ice mummy Otzi, contained a strain of infectious bacteria no longer found in modern humans. [read more...]
As a kid, have you ever heard an older sibling or friend say “I call shotgun” before a car ride and wondered what that really meant? The answer may lie in old western legend. [read more...]
Egyptian mummies are the stuff of legends, cryptic video games and adventure films. But why did the Egyptians make mummies in first place? [read more...]
Teotihuacan, an Aztec name meaning ''place of gods,'' was the biggest city in Mesoamerica, South America. It covered an area of more than eight square miles. Big streets, religious buildings, and private houses were part of what made this civilization so sophisticated. [read more...]
The Arctic is not a place many humans would call home, however, but it's just that for some birds. Though most birds live in warm climates and migrate elsewhere when it gets cold, Arctic birds stick it out through each freezing winter. Arctic birds live in the treeless tundra. [read more...]
Lenses are used to see and visually document the world around us. The two main types of lenses are convex and concave. They are used in many different tools, reflecting and bending light to produce an image. Lenses work by moving light in different directions using refraction, forming a smaller or larger image. A beam of light may diverge or converge depending on the shape of the lens. [read more...]
America owes its riches to African slaves. The institution of slavery started during the 17th and 18th centuries in the United States. The country had plenty of natural resources, but it did not have enough labor to farm the land. To the rich white plantation owners, African slaves seemed to be a perfect solution. [read more...]
Marianne Winkler was walking on a German beach with her husband when she saw an object that had washed up on the shore. She investigated further to find the object was a message in a bottle. The bottle was sealed shut, so Winkler and her husband decided to break it to get the message [read more...]
The longest river in the world, the Nile flows in many countries. Every year, the Nile rises from July to October despite the fact that it hardly rains in Egypt. This is known as “the riddle of the Nile river.” [read more...]
Sir Isaac Newton was one of the greatest scientists of all time. He is mostly known for his early theories of gravity, but also for his discovery of the three laws of motion. [read more...]
Mining involves digging into the earth to find useful, valuable substances. The second of humankind’s earliest endeavors (after agriculture), the practice of mining for coal, gas, salt, mineral ores, gemstones, and building materials has existed for centuries. [read more...]
Louis XIV was one of the most powerful rulers in the history of France. By the end of his reign, however, the country was left in financial turmoil. [read more...]
Muhammad Ali, born Cassius Clay, is considered one of the best boxers in history because of his accomplishments, both inside and outside the ring. [read more...]
In the year 1900, pieces of an ancient device that would come to be known as the Antikythera mechanism were discovered under the sea by sponge divers and taken to the National Archaeological Museum in Athens, Greece. [read more...]
With a career spanning nearly 50 years, Satchel Paige was one of the greatest pitchers of all time—not only in the Negro League but also in the history of baseball. [read more...]
Trains carry passengers and freight all over the world. They have evolved from crude steam powered engines to sleek diesel and electric locomotives. [read more...]
Music is a simple name for a complex idea. The word “music” comes from the Greek muses: nine goddesses of literature, the arts, and sciences. They were said to inspire poets and artists alike. The same can be said of music today and throughout history. [read more...]
The very first horses originated in North America almost two million years ago. However, the species almost disappeared from the New World around 10,000 B.C.E. Researches believe that people who migrated from Eurasia to North America around this time and hunted and captured horses are to blame for their near-extinction. [read more...]
The 1300s in Europe were dark—some might even say black. It was the time of the Black Death. [read more...]
Mexico went through a lot of complications in order to become a complete nation. [read more...]
The Triassic world emerged after the end-Permian mass extinction which almost wiped out life on earth. During the Triassic era, the world's reptiles first appeared. [read more...]
The 3,000 foot tall “Nose” is located on Yosemite National Park's granite massive structure, “El Capitan.” Many people had tried to climb it, but nobody succeeded until athlete Lynn Hill. Hill was the first climber to conquer the Nose. [read more...]
The longest period of human history, the Stone Age, covered such an extensive time that it is often divided into stages. Researchers determines these stages according to the type of tools mankind created and used at certain times. [read more...]
Keeping clean has been important for thousands of years. The Ancient Romans had very unique ways of washing and bathing. [read more...]
Before 1920, women in the United States were not able to vote, though male citizens had long been granted this right. This inequality sparked protest. In 1792, British author Mary Wollstonecraft advocated for womens’ right to vote in her book, A Vindication of the Rights of Women. Others like the Chartists group in Britain had begun campaigning for voting rights during the 1830s too, but women were not included in this. [read more...]
Founded around 2300 B.C.E., in Mesopotamia, one of the strongest city-states in history flourished for 2000 years. Babylon was a beautiful ancient civilization located near the Euphrates River and modern-day Iraq. The discoveries made in Babylon laid the foundation for modern mathematics and science. [read more...]
Almost 150 years ago a group of 250 men built the 1,000-foot-tall Eiffel Tower in only 26 months. Gustave Eiffel, French engineer, submitted his plans for what would be the tallest structure in the world at that time, along with 100 other architects in a contest. In 1886 his company was selected to build his structure in time for the 1889 Paris Exposition. Eiffel was not only known for building sturdy railroad bridges but also had a reputation for solving technically challenging problems. [read more...]
Ancient Greece is well known for its myths and legends of epic heroes and powerful gods and goddesses. During this time, it was also important to become famous in order to be remembered after death. [read more...]
Throughout history, researchers have discovered information about our ancient ancestors. The finding of one baby homo neanderthalensis fossil sparked many of these findings. [read more...]
Many foods that we eat today were first grown in the Fertile Crescent around about 8,000 B.C.E when the practice of farming began. [read more...]
In the Black Hills of South Dakota, there is a curious looking mountain. [read more...]
The city of Petra is located in the Middle Eastern country of Jordan. Before the first temples and tombs were built in 300 B.C. E. thick layers of rock surrounded the area. The city is the namesake of this rocky terrain, petra meaning rock. [read more...]
Imagine standing at the foot of a huge Chichén Itzá pyramid in Mexico, as I did recently during a family trip. I took in the enormity of the pyramid and its vast desert-like surroundings. I felt speechless at the thought that many years ago the place where I was standing was the heart of the Mayan civilization. The Mayan civilization flourished for more than seven hundred years. [read more...]
The history of horses is a long and interesting story that started around 5000 B.C.E. Around 4500 B.C.E. farming communities sprung up starting in the southwest part of central Asia and the edges of Europe where conditions permitted. Early farmers spent their days growing crops and herding livestock. These early farmers were some of the first to domesticate horses. [read more...]
The early 20th century was a time in U.S. history when racism and discrimination was at its height. Because of the color of their skin, some people were treated like animals. Despite this culture, groups like the Tuskegee Airmen, worked tirelessly to break down barriers for African Americans. [read more...]
Wisconsin is often referred to as the “Badger State.” Most people think Wisconsin got its nickname because there are lots of badgers in the state, but this is not true. [read more...]
Amelia Earhart was the first woman to fly across the Atlantic Ocean alone. [read more...]
Many people call him the “Babe Ruth of the Negro Leagues.” His name was Joshua Gibson, and he was one of the most famous Negro League baseball players ever. Throughout his life, he got better and better at baseball. He started as a pitcher, a catcher, and a hitter. [read more...]
Remains from one of the world’s oldest cities date back to the year 6250 BC. These remains came from Catal Huyuk. During this time, the people in this city got into their houses through a hole in the roof instead of using a door. [read more...]