For years, many myths and mysteries have surrounded the Moon. One of the most talked about myths is how the Moon was created.
Scientific theory indicates that the Moon was created many billions of years ago because of a collision. Astronomers believe that the Earth and an object the size of Mars collided and caused chunks of Earth to break away from its surface. The chunks started to orbit, or circle, the Earth. They soon came together into what we now know as the Moon.
Made up of gray and black rocks from volcanoes, the Moon’s surface is covered with millions of craters. Humans—known as astronauts—first walked on this crater-crusted surface in 1969. Astronauts wear space suits containing oxygen so that they are able to breath while on the Moon, which has no atmosphere. The atmosphere is made up of all the gases that surround the Moon and the planets including the Earth.
Since 1969 when Neil Armstrong, Michael Collins, and Edwin Aldrin first visited the moon in Apollo 11, space scientists have studied the rocks that astronauts bring back from the Moon’s surface. These are known as “Moon rocks.”
Even though we have learned a lot from studying Moon rocks, there is still much more to be discovered about the Moon. Who knows what knowledge we might unearth one day!
[Source: Solar System]