A Woman Who Challenged Norms and Never Looked Back
Susan B. Anthony: A Profile
by Andreanna Wright, age 13
During the 1800's, women were typically confined to the roles of housekeeper, cook, cleaner, and child-care provider. Women's suffrage campaigner and political advocate Susan B. Anthony, however, challenged these gender norms.
Born on February 15, 1820, in Adams, Massachusetts, Anthony was an intelligent child.
In 1846, 26-year-old Anthony became a teacher and the head of the girls' department at Canajoharie Academy. During this time, she also became involved in the temperance movement, one of the first organized efforts for feminist activity. Anthony eventually helped found the New York chapter of the Women's State Temperance Society.
Inspired to play a greater role in the fight for women's rights, Anthony partnered with activist Elizabeth Cady Stanton. Together, they petitioned the state of New York to grant women property rights. This allowed women to have control over their wages and guardianship of their children.
Anthony and Stanton joined efforts again from 1868 to 1870 to publish a weekly paper, The Revolution. Many articles in this publication demanded higher wages for working women. Also during this time, Anthony became an agent for the American Anti-Slavery Society. She quickly gained recognition as both an abolitionist and advocate for educational reform.
Throughout the 1900's, Anthony traveled extensively to promote the women's suffrage and civil rights movements. In 1904, she established the International Women's Suffrage Alliance. One year later, she met with President Theodore “Teddy” Roosevelt to speak about gender equality.
By the time of Anthony's death in 1906, only four states—in addition to Australia and New Zealand—permitted female suffrage. However, many amendment were passed after her death aimed to increase the rights of women.
Though she died over a century ago, Anthony still stands as an important role model for women. Her legacy of perseverance for equal rights and a voice for all people forever changed our society.
[Source: Women Who Changed the World]