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Three New Missions Planned to Explore Venus

Venus is considered Earth’s twin due to its similar size and density. However both these planets have developed vastly different from one another. Earth was able to develop and sustain life, while Venus became a scorching and toxic planet. To further understand how Earth’s neighboring “twin” developed a harsh environment, scientists launched spacecraft to study Venus and continue to launch more in the future.

In our solar system, Venus is our closest planetary neighbor. It’s the color of rust and is covered with forcefully bunched mountains. It is also the second planet from our sun, Venus is one of the four rocky planets. It has an atmosphere full of toxic fumes such as carbon dioxide and sulfuric acid. The fumes create an extreme greenhouse effect that traps a lot of heat.

The surface temperatures on Venus can melt various metals, reaching 900 degrees Fahrenheit. Even though Mercury is the closest planet to our sun, its heat can’t compare to Venus – it is the hottest planet in the solar system. Despite having similar size, density, mass, and gravitational pull to Earth, it is more than evident that they are nothing alike.

Over the years scientists have wanted to learn more about Venus. For this reason, there have already been over 40 spacecraft sent into space to observe the planet. In the next decade, NASA is hoping to collect even more data from Venus through their three upcoming Venus missions. The Japanese Akatsuki is now observing Venus. The European Space Agency is currently organizing a space mission to Venus as well and is hoping that they get to observe more of Venus.

We hope that these new missions go smoothly and so more information can be obtained about this fascinating planet.

[Source: Popular Science; space.com; NASA]

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