Beavers are one of the greatest engineers in the world. They make improvements to their habitat by creating waterways, dams, and lodges. They can cause conflict with farmers by eating their crops, or by building a lodge near a pond or a river.
A lodge is a dome that is made out of sticks and mud. There are underwater entries that lead to greenery above the water levels. To make a peaceful pond, beavers create dam walls that stop the current of water systems. Many peer groups of beavers share dams for several generations, but sometimes the ponds will fill up with dirt, forcing beavers to find a new location.
Beavers feed and build new lodges in their environment at night. Through winter, they hardly ever emerge from their lodge since it keeps them warm, making it perfect for the winter season.
A beaver’s litter contains two to four kits, which can be nursed for up to eight weeks. The kits grow fast and usually never leave their family group. In about two years, the kits can learn the process of making lodges and dams. Since a lodge shares a riverbank burrow system with other lodges, it makes it easier to communicate, which they do by using their calls or their tails, which are also called elephant ears.
Beavers are intelligent and creative rodents who also love to improve their habitat to avoid danger. Their unique and intricate lodge systems allow for their successful communities and peaceful environment.
[Source: The Encyclopedia Of Mammals]