Do you know how a solar eclipse forms? It happens when the moon gets between the sun and the Earth.
The moon was formed about 4.5 billion years ago and since then it has been slowly moving away by about four centimeters per year. The solar eclipse is a part of nature. The moon can completely block out the shape of the sun.
There are four different kinds of solar eclipses. An
is when a shadow is formed because all the sunlight is completely blocked out. A
is when the moon covers only some part of the sun. An
is a type of partial eclipse where the moon appears to pass across the sun, but the moon is too small to cover all of it. Finally, a
is when the umbra—the portion of the moon's shadow that is completely dark—is nearly making contact with Earth.
Most recent solar eclipse happened on February 15, 2018, but it could only be seen in parts of Antarctica, the Atlantic Ocean and southern south America. The next time we can see a total eclipse in the continental United States will be in 2024.
A solar eclipse is a beautiful part of nature, but it can cause damage to your eyes when you look at it, so make sure you wear special glasses (be sure to look for ones that are ISO 12312 certified).