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The Nile: Egypt's Most Important River

Did you know that the Nile River is allegedly the longest river on Earth? Historically, the Nile River was considered the longest river in the world, however, Brazilian scientists recently discovered that the Amazon River is longer than the Nile by 284 kilometers.

The Nile River is not only important because of how long it is, it also has great involvement with human history. For example, the ancient civilization of Egypt built human cities near the Nile, mainly for agriculture purposes. The Egyptians would exhaust the river to grow crops and export items.

The White Nile and the Blue Nile are both tributaries of the Nile, meaning they are separate rivers that flow into a larger river. In respect to the Nile, when these two smaller rivers coincide, they form a confluence, which is the Nile. The White Nile is home to Lake Victoria in Eastern Africa. The Blue Nile begins in the Ethiopian Mountains. The confluence is located in Sudan’s largest city, Khartoum.

The Nile River has served as a vital source of agriculture and transportation for millions throughout history. The river continues to provide essential resources to countries such as Egypt, Sudan, and South Sudan.

[Sources: Natgeokids.com; Hammond World Atlas; History.com; national geographic.com]

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