A Balanced Diet Is the First Step to a Healthy Life
by Esmeralda Ramirez, age 12
need to take care of our bodies by eating the right foods. In order
to keep healthy, we need to make sure that we are eating the right
amount and portions of food. There are three primary sources of food:
carbohydrates, fats and proteins.
are foods like sugars and starches. They can be found in rice, bread,
potatoes and sweet things. They are the main source of energy along
with fats, which are greasy and can’t
dissolve in water. Fats are not only a source of energy but also a
source of vitamin D and E. Some fats are solid, such as those found
in meat and cheese. But others, like corn oil, are liquid.
body needs 20 different “amino
acids.” Amino acids
are the building blocks of protein. From them the body can create
proteins, necessary to make, repair and manage cells.
Our bodies can make twelve amino acids; the other eight must come
from protein in food. Proteins in meat and fish have all the amino
acids we need. Vegetables and fruit only have some of them, so it is
important for vegetarians to choose the right combination of fruits
are many protein sources. Depending on what they are,
some have less protein and
others that have more. Rice is 6 percent of protein; bread has 8
percent; and raw fish is 15 percent. Raw meat has 23 percent; cheese
has 25 percent; peanuts have 28 percent; and soybean flour has 40
percent. The most protein-rich foods are beans and nuts.
human body is really good at taking care of itself, but we still need
to eat the right proportions of foods. If we eat too much fat, we can
become overweight and can increase our risk of heart disease. That’s
why eating the right amount of protein, fats and carbohydrates is so
important. A balanced diet and regular exercise are necessary in
order for the body to stay healthy.
The Big Book of Knowledge]