The Things that Live in Swamps

These Are Important Ecosystems and they Exist all over the Planet

by Abraham Ruiz, age 12

            Do you know the difference between a swamp and a marsh? There is one main difference: swamps contain trees and shrubbery, while marshes are waterlogged areas without trees. More land dwelling animals live in swamps, while marshes are home to a variety of birds.
            Plants that grow in swamps have their roots permanently underwater. Some of the biggest swamps are found in Southern Asia. Thousands of miles of coast are covered in swampland. There are also large swamps in rainforests like the Amazon.
            Many Unique species live in these areas. In the swamps, there are unusual fish like mudskippers, which skip on open mud and Archerfish, who feed themselves by shooting water at insects in nearby trees to make them fall into the swamp.
            While swamps house many cool fish, they are also home to some of the most venomous water snakes in the world. To add to that they house dangerous alligators, which can ruin your day.
            Marshes often form along the banks near many of Europe’s large rivers. Salt marshes are also common around the coastlines and contain a variety of grasses depending on the salt quantities.
            There are common cottontails, spike grass, saw grass, oyster grass and many more. Salt marshes have fewer insects, frogs and snails than freshwater marshes. Marshes that are permanently flooded house different animals from those that are not permanent.
             Swamps and marshes can be found in many parts of the world. And they all have distinctive plants and wildlife living in them.

[Sources: The Kingfisher’s Children Encyclopedia; gardenguides.com]

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