Chad is a land in Africa of the unknown and forgotten. Life in Chad is unlike any other, with an amazing spectrum of wildlife and numerous ethnic groups.
Chad’s physical geography isn’t that complex; rather, it is very plain. Chad stretches over 1,080 miles. It is roughly three times bigger than California. Also, Chad has a wide variety of plants and animals. For instance, there are 1,600 plant species and 104 mammal species who inhabit this land including elephants, buffalo, lions, and giraffes. In addition, 531 bird species, 53 reptile species, and 10 amphibian species live here. Chad’s physical geography and abundant wildlife are just two aspects that contribute to this nation’s uniqueness.
Although Chad’s physical geography is plain, the people who live here are the exact opposite. The capital of Chad is N’Djamena, which has a large population of 10,758,945 people. This is about 21 people per square mile. There are also many ethnic groups in this land, mostly of the Islamic faith. Non-Muslim native groups account for 30 percent of the population. As of 2011, there are three religions followed in Chad: 54 percent of the population is Muslim; 33 percent is Christian or Roman Catholic; and the rest is ‘other.’ Many people in Chad work in the petroleum, uranium, limestone, and gold industries. These resources are commonly found in Chad.
The standard of living in Chad is different than it is in many first-world countries. For example, Chad has a life expectancy of 49 years on average. There is a very low life expectancy here because of the low number of nurses, physicians, midwives, and hospital equipment. Because of this, there is little access to quality healthcare available in Chad. This causes many problems. For instance, the infant mortality rate is 12.4 percent. Additionally, only 27 percent of the population has access to clean, safe drinking water, while only 29 percent has adequate sanitation.
Schooling in Chad is similar to education in America. Specifically, Chad’s primary education is equivalent to standard kindergarten through fifth grade elementary in the U.S.A. However, Chad’s secondary education is different because it’s like American high school and middle school combined. In Chad, there is only one University, the University of N’Djamena, which offers degrees in science, law, business, and language and human sciences. Chad’s overall literacy rate is 26 percent.
For many who have never been to Chad, it might sound like a foreign land with unique physical geography and a wide variety of life forms. Yet, this land definitely has a lot to offer.
[Source: Encyclopedia Britannica]