The Arctic can be a cold and desolate place. But with the help of new technological advances and the diligent migrant workers labor, the opportunity for more people to work and live there is expanding.
Currently, there are nine million new settlers. Most people who go to the Arctic work as migrant laborers and will return to their home countries after finishing their jobs. While there, they usually work in oil fields. Some migrant workers are scientists. Many Arctic residents have emigrated from the former USSR, which is now Russia.
For thousands of years, only nomads lived in the Arctic. Eight hundred thousand remain today. The nomads knew how to make the perfect clothing for the weather. They used many layers of soft fur and sealskin, which kept them very warm. They also added loose layers that would flap when they ran so they would not sweat. The main problem for current workers is if their vehicle breaks down and they are too far away from a city they could freeze to death. In the Arctic, sweating can be very dangerous. When clothes get wet, they are no longer able to keep in the warmth. This can quickly lead to hypothermia. These days, workers usually purchase their clothing from the local stores including jeans, warm parkas, and rubber boots.
The workers live in heated buildings. They have food flown in from the south. Movies and television are also available to keep workers entertained when they have free time.
People who go to the Arctic to work usually get paid very well. Although laborers often work under arduous conditions, the rewards are plentiful.
[Source: How people live: On the move]